To prevent pain and improve stability, your joints are separated by cartilage. The labrum is a ring of cartilage that makes up part of the ball-and-socket joints of your hips and shoulders. Your labrum, much like other joints and cartilage, is vulnerable to injury and tearing. At New England Stem Cell Institute, Dr. Paul Tortland and Dr. Jeffrey LaVallee specialize in the diagnosis and management of labrum tears and provide innovative treatments to promote healing of the damaged tissue.
The labrum is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the rim of your hip and shoulder sockets and helps keep the ball of the joint in place. Athletes are most at risk of labrum tears due to the stress and high impact they often place on their joints. You can also be at risk of a labrum tear if you take part in activities that require repetitive motion. A structural abnormality can also increase your risk.
The symptoms you experience can vary, and some people might not feel any symptoms at all. Common symptoms that may indicate a labrum tear include:
A labral tear can only be diagnosed with an MRI. But, our team at the New England Stem Cell Institute also does a thorough exam. If our team suspects a labrum tear, we may perform a diagnostic injection by putting a small amount of anesthetic in the joint under ultrasound guidance. If you experience significant relief after the injection, then a labrum tear could be the cause of your symptoms. An MRI would then be used to confirm the tear.
Treatment of your labrum tear depends on the nature and severity of the tear. If your tear is small, you might be able to get by with just physical therapy. If physical therapy doesn’t help, our team may recommend regenerative medicine treatments such as fat-derived stem cell therapy. These regenerative treatments accelerate your body’s natural repair process to promote healing of the damaged tissue. If your tear is large or complex, surgery may be necessary.