Plantar Fasciitis

New England Stem Cell Institute

Stem Cell Clinic & Regenerative Medicine located in Glastonbury, CT

When you develop heel pain, especially if you experience sharp pain when you take your first steps in the morning, chances are you have plantar fasciitis, the most common cause of heel pain in adults. If your pain persists despite conservative treatments, Paul Tortland, DO, and Jeffrey LaVallee, MD, at the New England Stem Cell Institute, offer many non-surgical treatment options, including shock wave treatment and regenerative medicine treatments such as Prolotherapy, Prolozone, PRP, and other stem cell-based treatments. To learn more, call the office in Glastonbury, Connecticut, or schedule an appointment online.

Plantar Fasciitis Q & A

What causes plantar fasciitis? 

The plantar fascia is a tight band of tissue, similar to a broad ligament, that spans the bottom of the foot.  It runs from the bottom of your heel to the base of your toes, and it helps support the arch of your foot and absorbs shock every time you take a step.

Plantar fasciitis develops when this ligament is injured, irritated, or inflamed. Plantar fasciitis often occurs develops due to:

  •   Flat feet
  •   High arches
  •   Tight Achilles tendon
  •   Overuse injuries
  •   Standing for a prolonged time
  •   Footwear that doesn’t support your arch
  •   Overpronation — your foot rolls inward too much as you walk
  •   Being overweight also increases your risk of plantar fasciitis.
  •   Pregnancy also is a common cause of plantar fasciitis due to a combination of the increased body weight and hormone-induced ligament laxity 

What are the symptoms of plantar fasciitis? 

The #1 symptom of plantar fasciitis is pain directly on the bottom of the heel.  You could also have pain in the arch of your foot or anywhere along the length of the ligament. 

In most cases, the pain is worse after you rest, such as when you wake up in the morning and take the first few steps. When you’re not active, the ligament tightens. When you take that first step suddenly stretching the ligament, you feel a sharp pain. 

How is plantar fasciitis diagnosed? 

The history of your symptoms is the first, and major clue, to the diagnosis.  Physical exam almost always finds significant tenderness at the attachment of the plantar fascia on the bottom of the heel.  Definitive diagnosis is confirmed either by diagnostic ultrasound or MRI, both of which can show a thickened plantar fascia. 

How is plantar fasciitis treated? 

Treating plantar fasciitis begins with conservative therapies like activity changes, tension night splints, orthotics (arch supports and heel cushions). Formal physical therapy may also help.  A cortisone injection could help reduce inflammation and pain. 

You can also use kinesiology taping (“kinesiotaping ”) to reduce the strain on the plantar fascia and promote healing. Kinesiotaping applies a special tape to the foot in a way that allows movement while stabilizing muscles and joints.

Shock wave treatment (ESWT – extracorporeal shock wave treatment) is another non-invasive approach that can be very helpful.  This treatment is offered at the New England Stem Cell Institute.

When your heel pain doesn’t improve despite conservative treatments, podiatrists typically recommend surgery — plantar fasciitis release — which consists of cutting part of the ligament to release the tension.

The team at the New England Stem Cell Institute offers a better alternative to surgery and to failed conservative treatment: regenerative medicine. They have years of experience in successfully using regenerative treatments, such as prolotherapy, Prolozone, and PRP to heal the problem while preserving the integrity of your plantar fascia.